University: University of Alexandria

Faculty: Faculty of Arts

Department: Department of Greek and Roman Archaeology and Studies, Museum Studies Program, MA

Course Description


1. Basic Information

Course code:

Course Title: Museums History and Theory

Academic Program: Museum Studies Program, MA in Museum Studies

Course Type:          Compulsory                                                    Elective

Hours/week: 3     theoretical:  2      practical:  2

Credit Hours: 3

2. Course Aims

This course aims to:

·       Provide knowledge about the fundamental principles for those who work for Museums, according to their position.

·       Address the major issues of the disciplinary, not only in its historical dimension, but also in the actuality of its debates in a universal comparative approach, considering current issues related to exhibition, presentation of collections, their preservation and diffusion, as well as to the elaboration of a museum purpose.

·       Gives an outline of values and ethics in museum work including management, curatorship, administration, tour guiding, research, education, public relationship...etc.

·       Provide knowledge of the different ethical codes of the different countries related to their museums as well as that of the ICOM.

·       Provide an outline of Values and Ethics in Museology.

3. Intended Learning Outcomes

a. Knowledge and Understanding

After the course, students should be able to know:

·       The ICOM code of ethics for museums.

·       The different ethical codes of the different countries related to their museums.

·       The fundamental principles of museum work.

b. Intellectual Skills

After the course, students should be aware of:

·       What to avoid in their professional and specialized work inside the museum.

·       What to follow in their dealing with colleagues in other museum departments.

·       How to deal with museum objects (tangible & intangible) in a way that promotes their values.

·       How to avoid conflict of interests.

·       Principles of public relationship with the community his museum serves.

c. Professional Skills

·       Improve and strengthen the practices of their museum.

·       Work with openness and transparency.

·       Convey their museum message to the local community.

·       Represent their museum in national and international levels.

d. General & Transferable skills

After this course, students should be able to:

·       Respect the public purpose of museums.

·       Obtain public trust and confidence for their museum.

·       Recognize and adapt themselves to any changes in their museum work.

·       Remain updated with international new concerns and challenges.

·       Conduct and run properly his specialized work during times of disorder.

4. Course Contents

Topics covered by this course include:

·       Definitions of Museum mission, types of museums.

·       History of Museums in Egypt.

·       The ICOM code of ethics for museums and the different ethical codes of the different countries related to their museums.

·       Museum curatorship: code of ethics, the fundamental principles and core beliefs, and critical responsibilities.

·       Guidelines for ethical conduct and management of museums.

·       Running the museum in times of crises.

·       Excellence, honesty, and transparency: Becoming a fair representative of your museum on both local and international levels.

·       Ways of addressing to the different ranks of audience (children, teenagers, adults, physically challenged people)

·       Relationship between the various categories of people working in a museum.

·       Principles of documenting museum diaries and management processes.

·       Conveying the museum’s mission.

5.Teaching and Learning Methods

·       A series of digital documents and Internet links form a basic essential toolbox for Museum curators and managers.

·       Documents: portfolio containing papers of various authors dedicated to the topics of the Course.

·       Museography case studies.

6. Teaching and Learning Methods for Students of Limited Capabilities

-        Lectures

-        Analyzing case studies

-        5-10 m. revision of previous topics in the beginning of each lecture.

-        Discussions.

7.Students Assessment

a.  Assessment methods

-        Power Point Presentations.

-        Writing reports on a given era.

-        Quizzes

-        Written exam

b. Assessment schedule and weight

Assessment

week

% of total mark

Presentation by the students about how to apply international codes of ethics on one of the runningmuseums in Alexandria.

5

15%

Report a visit to the Educational Museum of Antiquities of AU, including the student’s own suggestions towards developing its ethical principles.

8

15%

Quiz

10

10%

Final Exam

15

60%

8.List of References

a. Core readings:

Van Mensch, Peter (ed.) 1989: Museology as a scientific basis for the museum profession. in: Professionalising the Muses. Amsterdam: AHA Books, 85-95.

Van Mensch, Peter, Mejer-Van MenschLéontine 2011: New Trends in Museology. Celsje: Museum of Recent History,15-33.

Stransky,ZhynekZhyslav 1980: Museology as a science (a thesis),in: Muséologia 15 XI, 33-40.

Pearce Susan 1991: Objects as Meaning, or Narrating the past,in: Pearce, S. (ed.),Objects of Knowledge, London,Athlone Press, 125-140.

Eaton Krauss, M. et al. (eds), 2010: Children’s Museum, Cairo, Dar el Kutub,(English/Arabic).

El Daly, O. 2003: What do tourists learn of Egypt?, in S. McDonald, M. Rice (eds), Consuming Ancient Egypt, London, Institute of Archaeology, University College, 139-150.

El Saddik, W. Let’s visit… The Nubia Museum – An introduction for children, their families, and friends (with the participation of UNESCO).

Haggag, M. &Gesché-Koning, N. (eds.) 2015: Squarring the Circle? Research, Museum, Public: A Common Engagement towards Effective Communication, Proceedings of the 13th International Meeting of ICOM, CECA & UMAC 2014, Bibliotheca Alexandrina.

Rice, 2003: Consuming Ancient Egypt, London, UCL Press.

Baligh, R. 2005: Museum Education in Egypt and in the world, in Bulletin of the Egyptian Museum 2 23-28.

b. Suggested readings:

Bruwier, M.-C. 2015: De la médiationégyptienne du patrimoinearchéologique au 21e siècle”, in Haggag, M. &Gesche-Koning, N. (eds.) 2015: Squarring the Circle? Research, Museum, Public: A Common Engagement towards Effective Communication, Proceedings of the 13th International Meeting of ICOM, CECA & UMAC 2014, Bibliotheca Alexandrina, 25-35.

c. Periodicals, websites, etc.

Running a Museum: A practical Handbook (ICOM 2004).
http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001410/141067e.pdf

ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums  (ICOM 2006)
http://icom.museum/fileadmin/user_upload/pdf/Codes/code_ethics2013_eng.pdf

Key concepts of Museology (ICOM / Armand Colin 2010)
http://icom.museum/uploads/tx_hpoindexbdd/Museologie_Anglais_BD.pdf

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjx1F-N3YbQ

The Role of Museums Today

              

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YxMxP83iXNM

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfBKnRlAdTs                  

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1gFuEvTTjQY

A tour of a tourist guide

9. Course Matrix for Achievement of Intended Learning Outcomes

Topic

week

Knowledge & Understanding

Intellectual Skills

Professional Skills

General & Transferable Skills

Definitions:  types of museums, Museum mission.

1

x

 

 

x

History of Museums in Egypt

2

x

 

 

x

The ICOM code of ethics for museums.

3

x

 

 

x

The different ethical codes of the different countries related to their museums.

4

x

 

 

x

Museum curatorship: code of ethics, the fundamental principles, core beliefs, and critical responsibilities.

5

x

 

x

xx

Presentations by the students

6

 

x

x

x

Guidelines for ethical conduct and management of museums.

7

 

x

x

x

Excellence, honesty, and transparency.

8

 

x

x

x

Becoming a fair representative of your museum on both local and international levels.

9

x

x

 

x

Ways of addressing to the different ranks of audience (children, teenagers, adults, physically challenged people).

10

 

 

x

x

Museum relationship with the community of specialists, media and the community at large.

11

 

x

x

x

Relationship between the various categories of people working in a museum.

12

 

x

x

x

Principles of documenting museum diaries and management processes.

13

x

x

x

 

Conveying the museum’s mission.

14

 

x

x

x

Final Exam

15