University: University of Alexandria

Faculty: Faculty of Arts

Department: Department of Greek and Roman Archaeology and Studies, Museum Studies Program, MA

Course Description

1.Basic Information

Course code:

Course Title: National and International Museum Legislations

Academic Program: Museum Studies Program, MA in Museum Studies

Course Type:          Compulsory                                                    Elective  

Hours/week: 3     theoretical:  2      practical:  2

Credit Hours: 3

2.Course Aims

This course aims to:

- Understand the Different laws which control the Cultural Heritage.

- The ICOM code of ethics for museums.

-The cultural heritage of Egypt is protected national and international laws and bilateral agreements.

-The future of natural history museums is tied to the global political climate. Whether it concerns the adequacy of laws and museum practices that protect cultural property in jeopardy, the rights of the indigenous or the need for museums to demonstrate good governance to retain the public’s respect, natural history museums will play pivotal roles in resolving the tensions these issues create.

3.Intended Learning Outcomes

a. Knowledge and Understanding

National and international history of legislations related to  museums.

b. Intellectual Skills

How to deal with developing museum work and message without any violation to law.

c. Professional Skills

Documentation of works and events to verify all legal aspects of museums.

d. General & Transferable skills

How to run, develop and dessiminate museums following national and international laws.

4. Course Contents

Topics covered by this course include:

- The Different laws which control the Cultural Heritage.

- The ICOM code of ethics for museums.

-The cultural heritage of Egypt is protected national and international laws and bilateral agreements.

­-The international Legislations and laws on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property

- An overview of free-access websites with legislation for all European Union member states

-Compendium of Internet links edited by the Library of Congress. Find links to constitutional, executive, judicial and legislative resources on the web for all countries in the world.

-International Legal Materials
Contains the full texts of important (recent and draft) treaties and agreements, judicial and arbitral decisions, national legislation, international organizations resolutions and other documents.

-Caution of the Translated laws and Legislations from its mother language.

-Commentaires on Ristrected and easily non-understanble laws, which provide information on how to interpret terms in legislative acts and explain the legislative history and policy background of acts.

-Audiovisual Library of International Law / Historic Archives UN
Contains, among other texts, ‘preparatory documents’ of UN treaties and agreements. Select a field of law, choose a specific treaty and click the tab ‘Documents’ at the top of the page.

5. Teaching and Learning Methods

·       A series of digital documents and Internet links form a basic essential toolbox for Museum curators and managers.

·       Documents: portfolio containing papers of various authors dedicated to the topics of the Course.

·       Museography case studies.

6. Teaching and Learning Methods for Students of Limited Capabilities

-        Lectures

-        Discussions

-        Individual activities

-        Group and researches and presentations

-        Visits to museums and archaeological sites.

7. Students Assessment

a. Assessment methods

Students' presentations and exam.

b. Assessment schedule and weight

Assessment

week

% of total mark

Presentation by the students about how to applysome of international legislations in Egypt.

5

25%

Quiz

8

15%

Final Exam

15

60%

8. List of References

a. Core readings:

Van Mensch, Peter (ed.) 1989: Museology as a scientific basis for the museum profession. in: Professionalising the Muses. Amsterdam: AHA Books, 85-95.

UNESCO Convention of 14 November 1970 

Ratified, 7 February 1974

Some of the national laws of Egypt.

By-law of March 1869 on "Antiquities items", including Regulatory dispositions for excavations to prevent the smuggling of antiquities.

By-law of March 1874 on Undiscovered antiquities irrespective of their location are property of the government.

Decree of 1835 Banning the unauthorized removal of antiquities from the country (15 August 1835).

Decree of 1897 Concerning the Punishment for illegal excavation (12 August 1897).

Law No. 14 of 1912 on Antiquities, 12 June 1912.

Ministerial Decree No. 50 of 8 December 1912 on Antiquities trade and authorisation.

Ministerial Decree No. 52 of 8 December 1912 on the Ruling on excavations.

Ministerial Decree of 10 February 1921 on the Export of antiquities.

Law No. 14 of 29 January 1931 on the Protection of cultural objects found near and around Al Moallaka.

Rule No. 10613 of 6 March 1952 on Regulations for the commerce in antiquities.

Law No. 215 of 31 October 1951 on the Protection of antiquities, as amended by Rule No. 10614 of 6 March 1952 on the Export of antiquities.

Law No. 215 of 31 October 1951 on the Protection of antiquities, as amended by Rule No. 10614 of 6 March 1952 on the Protection of antiquities.

Rule No. 10827 of 17 August 1952 on the Ruling regarding excavations.

Law No. 117 of the year 1983 Concerning the issuance of antiquities’ protection law (11 August 1983).

Article 12 of the Constitution, revised on 25 May 2005.

Law No. 117 of 1983, as amended by Law No. 3 of 2010 (14 February 2010), Promulgating the antiquities’ protection law (6 August 1983).

b. Suggested readings:

Bruwier, M.-C. 2015: De la médiationégyptienne du patrimoinearchéologique au 21e siècle”, in Haggag, M. &Gesche-Koning, N. (eds.) 2015: Squarring the Circle? Research, Museum, Public: A Common Engagement towards Effective Communication, Proceedings of the 13th International Meeting of ICOM, CECA & UMAC 2014, Bibliotheca Alexandrina, 25-35.

c. Periodicals, websites, etc.

ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums  (ICOM 2006)
http://icom.museum/fileadmin/user_upload/pdf/Codes/code_ethics2013_eng.pdf

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjx1F-N3YbQ

The Role of Museums Today

 

9. Course Matrix for Achievement of Intended Learning Outcomes

Topic

week

Knowledge & Understanding

Intellectual Skills

Professional Skills

General & Transferable Skills

The Different laws which control the Cultural Heritage.

1

x

 

 

x

The ICOM code of ethics for museums.

2

x

 

 

x

The cultural heritage of Egypt is protected national and international laws and bilateral agreements.

3

x

 

 

x

The international Legislations and laws on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property.

4

x

 

 

x

Presentation by the students.

5

x

 

x

x

 An overview of free-access websites with legislation for all European Union member states.

6

 

x

x

x

Compendium of Internet links edited by the Library of Congress. Find links to constitutional, executive, judicial and legislative resources on the web for all countries in the world.

7

 

x

x

x

Quiz

8

 

x

x

x

International Legal Materials
Contains the full texts of important (recent and draft) treaties and agreements, judicial and arbitral decisions, national legislation, international organizations resolutions and other documents.

9

x

x

 

x

Caution of the Translated laws and Legislations from its mother language.

10

 

 

x

x

Commentaires  on Ristrected and easily non-understanble laws, which provide information on how to interpret terms in legislative acts and explain the legislative history and policy background of acts.

11

 

x

x

x

Presentations and role playing

12

 

x

x

x

Audiovisual Library of International Law / Historic Archives UN
Contains, among other texts, ‘preparatory documents’ of UN treaties and agreements.

13

x

x

x

 

Final report about the legislations in Egypt and its role.

14

 

x

x

x

Final Exam

15