University: University of Alexandria

Faculty: Faculty of Arts

Department: Department of Greek and Roman Archaeology and Studies, Museum Studies Program, MA


Basic Information

Course code:

Course Title: Principals of Preventive Conservation

Academic Program: Museum Studies Program, MA in Museum Studies

Course Type:          Compulsory                                                    Elective  

Hours/week: 4     theoretical:  2      practical: 4

Credit Hours: 4

Course Aims

This course aims to:

Preventive conservation, which takes into account the work in its materiality and its environment, integrates all the measures taken to prolong the life of objects, and to delay their natural or accidental degradation. Complementary to the restoration of works, it calls on experts with varied skills (restorers, chemists, stage managers, climate and infestation specialists, etc.) and tries to anticipate all the factors that can negatively affect the life of objects.

The course also aims to train students in the principles of preventive conservation, its issues, the methods of its implementation, as well as the management of works to prepare them for the organization, coordination and management of the movement of works. It provides theoretical, practical, administrative and logistical tools useful for the material management of collections and for monitoring the movement of works. The training will help future museum professionals to better preserve collections and give them tools and procedures applicable to various types of objects.

Intended Learning Outcomes

·       Knowledge and Understanding

After the course, students should be able to know:

·       Integrates all the measures taken to prolong the life of objects, and to delay their natural or accidental degradation.

·       Intellectual Skills

After the course, students should be aware of:

Training the students with the principles of preventive conservation, its issues, the methods of its implementation

·       Professional Skills

After the course, students would be able to:

Restoration of works, it calls on experts with varied skills (restorers, chemists, stage managers, and climate and infestation specialists.

·       General & Transferable skills

After this course, students should be able to:

Practical, administrative and logistical tools useful for the material management of collections and for monitoring the movement of works.

Course Contents

Topics covered by this course include:

- Preventive conservation:

- Fundamental principles, history of the discipline, objectives, actors, organization 2)

- Factors of deterioration of works: control of the l’environnement, the risks of the natural site and knowledge of the building climate risks: temperature and relative humidity Light and vibrations

- The polluants Biological contaminants (insects, moulds)

- Works in motion, The management: principles of packaging, conditioning and movement of works.

- Conservation tools: what materials and for what uses? Packaging and transport of works, the role of the carrier. Workshop: Conditioning of the works.

- Storage and exhibition of works.

- The reserves: functions, spaces, furniture, packaging materials, maintenance and securityThe exhibition: spaces, exhibition material, general rules, -assembly and dismantling Archaeological objects and preventive conservation: from excavation to exhibition.

- Workshop: Evaluation of conditions of conservation of collections in the museum - on site Workshop: Visit of reserves - application / restitution)

- Risk mapping

- Environmental management of collections. Fire and flood risk management

- Protection against theft and vandalism Elaborate an emergency plan, a safeguard plan.

- Building a preventive conservation plan, The legal question: the responsibilities and insurance of works.

Teaching and Learning Methods

- Lectures

- Case Study

- Class discussions

Teaching and Learning Methods for Students of Limited Capabilities

-        Lectures

-        Discussions

-        Individual activities

-        Group and researches and presentations

-        Visits to museums and archaeological sites.

Students Assessment

a. Assessment methods

Students' presentations and practical training.

b. Assessment schedule and weight

Assessment

Week

% of total mark

Presentation by the students

6

20%

Practical Training

10

20%

Final Exam

15

60%

List of References

  1. Core Readings:

Buck, Rebecca A. & Gilmore, Jean Allman 2010: 2A: Collection Management Policies: Museum Registration Methods (5 ed.), AAM Press, American Association of Museums, Washington, 24.

Buck, Rebecca A. & Gilmore, Jean Allman. 2010: 6F: Integrated Past Management: Museum Registration Methods (5 ed.), AAM Press, American Association of Museums, Washington, 369–380.

Ch. 4: Museum Collections Environment/ Ch. 5: Biological Infestations/ Ch. 6: Handling, Packing, and Shipping/ Ch. 7: Museum Collection Storage/ Ch. 8: Conservation Treatment/ Ch. 9: Security and Fire Protection/ Ch. 10: Emergency Planning. (online: https://www.nps.gov/museum/publications/MHI/mushbkI.html)

Druzik, J. & Eshoj B. 2007: Museum Lighting: It's Past and Future Development, in: Padfield. T. & Borchersen, K. (eds.): Museum Microclimates, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, 51-56.

El- Saad, Ziad: Course outline: Preventive Conservation, UNESCO.

ICOM. 2004: Running a Museum: A Practical Handbook, 51-90, 177-196.

Koestler, Robert J. et al. (eds.) 2003:  Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. (On line http://libmma.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p15324coll10/id/216741/rec/9)

Museum Handbook, Part I: Museum Collections. 1999-2016: National Park Service.

Richard, Mervin & Mecklenburg, Marion F. & Merrill, Ross M., 1997: Art in Transit: Handbook, National Gallery of Art, Washington.

Thomson, John M. A. (ed.) 1994: Manual of Curatorship: A Guide to Museum Practice, Butterworths-Heinemann, Oxford.

b. Suggested Readings:

Lambert, Simon 2018: The Early History of Preventive Conservation in Great Britain and the United States (1850–1950), CeROArt [Enligne], 9 | 2014, mis enligne le 13 janvier 2014, consulté le 20 mars 2018. URL: http://journals.openedition.org/ceroart/3765

Lavédrine & Gandolfo, Bertrand, Jean-Paul & Monod, Sibylle 2003: A Guide to the Preventive Conservation of Photograph Collections, The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles.

May, Roland 2005: Les réserves de musée: nouvelles missions, nouvelles fonctions, nouvelles appellations, in: Technè 21,  Science et Conservation, 109-112.

VADE-MECUM de la Conservation préventive 2013: Département Conservation Préventive du Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France.

(online : c2rmf.fr/sites/c2rmf.fr/files/vade_mecum_conservprev.pdf)

c. Periodicals, websites, etc.

Conservation On Line (CoOL): http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/ Centre de Conservation du Québec (CCQ) : www.ccq.mcc.gouv.qc.ca/2RMF

Conservation Perspectives, Newsletter, The Getty Conservation Institute: http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/newsletters/index.html

http://museumpests.net/

https://www.canada.ca/en/conservation-institute/services/preventive-conservation.html

https://www.nps.gov/museum/publications/conserveogram/cons_toc.html

Institut Canadien de Conservation (ICC): www.cci-icc.gc.ca/

Réseau Canadien d’information sur le Patrimoine (RCIP): www.chin.gc.ca/resources/Resarch_Ref/Reference_Info/f_refrence.html

Spring 2007 Environmental Management/ Spring 2008 Emergency Management/ Spring 2004 Implementing Preventive Conservation: http://www.icom-cc.org/36/working-groups/preventive-conservation/

Course Matrix for Achievement of Intended Learning Outcomes

Topic

Week

Knowledge & Understanding

Intellectual Skills

Professional Skills

General & Transferable Skills

- Preventive conservation

1

x

 

 

x

- Factors of deterioration of works: control of environnement, the risks of the natural site and knowledge of the building climate risks: temperature and relative humidity light and vibrations

2

x

 

 

x

- fundamental principles, history of the discipline, objectives, actors, organization 2)

3

x

 

 

x

- The polluants Biological contaminants (insects, moulds)

4

x

 

 

x

- Works in motion, The management: principles of packaging, conditioning and movement of works.

5

x

 

x

x

Presentations

6

 

x

x

x

- Conservation tools: what materials and for what uses? Packaging and transport of works, the role of the carrier. Workshop: Conditioning of the works.

7

 

x

x

x

- Storage and exhibition of works

8

 

x

x

x

- The reserves: functions, spaces, furniture, packaging materials, maintenance and security. The exhibition: spaces, exhibition material, general rules, assembly and dismantling Archaeological objects and preventive conservation: from excavation to exhibition.

9

x

x

 

x

Case Study

10

 

 

x

x

- Workshop: Evaluation of conditions of conservation of collections in the museum - on site Workshop: Visit of reserves - application / restitution)

11

 

x

x

x

- Risk mapping

12

 

x

x

x

- Environmental management of collections. Fire and flood risk management. Protection against theft and vandalism. Elaborate an emergency plan, a safeguard plan

13

x

x

x

 

Building a preventive conservation plan, The legal question: the responsibilities and insurance of works.

14

 

x

x

x

Final Exam

15